Motivation is an internal process. It is a need, desire or drive within us that leads to a state of mind that desires change.
Motivation involves the biological, emotional, social, and cognitive forces that activate behavior.
Motivation identifies with a specific why behind someone’s thoughts and actions, which is typically explained by either internal or external rewards or incentives.
Motivation is one of the driving forces behind human behavior. It fuels competition and sparks social connection. Its absence can lead to mental illnesses such as depression. Motivation encompasses the desire to continue striving toward meaning, purpose, and a life worth living.
Intrinsic Motivation Intrinsic motivation is a drive that comes purely from within; it’s not due to any anticipated reward, deadline, or outside pressure. For example, people who are intrinsically motivated to run do so because they love the feeling of running itself, and it's an important part of their identity. Extrinsic motivation can increase motivation in the short term, but over time it can wear down or even backfire. By contrast, intrinsic motivation is powerful because it is integrated into identity and serves as a continuous source of motivation.
Extrinsic Motivation Extrinsic motivation is any reason someone does work other than the joy of doing the work itself. An extrinsic motivator needs three elements to be successful, according to research by psychologist Victor Vroom: expectancy (believing that increased effort will lead to increased performance), instrumentality (believing that a better performance will be noticed and rewarded), and valence (wanting the reward that is promised).